Biol 498, Independent Research
In this course, students plan, conduct, and communicate the results of an independent research project in Biological Sciences under the direction of a faculty supervisor. Registration will be contingent on the student having made prior arrangements with a faculty member willing to supervise the research. Note: This course is intended for students in the final year of their degree and Biol 337 is strongly recommended if taking with me. This course may be taken up to two times.

Biol 495, Special Topics: Contemporary Topics in Freshwater Ecology (Fall 2013)
This course introduces students to contemporary issues surrounding freshwater ecology as related to anthropogenic and natural impacts, research, policy, and practice. The role of society is examined. Building upon concepts from Biol 310, Freshwater Ecology, this seminar-based course provides opportunities for students to explore critical freshwater ecological issues through reviews of the relevant literature, media, examination of case studies, in-depth discussions with peers and others, development of presentations on specific topics, and writing associated review-papers. The focus will be on Canada, but the topics will include local to international level issues and challenges. Guest speakers will round out the curriculum. Minimum grade of B- in Biol 310 (or equivalent course), plus two (2) other 300 to 400 level ecology/biology based courses each with a minimum grade of B-. The instructor will consider students who do not fulfill all of these requirements

Biol 410, Field Methods in Ecology
This course exposes students to the opportunities, advantages, and challenges of collecting biological information in the field, rather than in a aboratory setting. Students use commonly employed techniques and methods used to study organisms in aquatic, wetland and terrestrial settings. Students are expected to collect, analyze, and present field data in the form of a formal research paper.

Biol 337, Biological Statistics
This course introduces students to the methods and steps used in experimental design, data collection, organization, analysis, and presentation of biological data. The advantages and disadvantages of different sampling designs and the benefits and limitations of various data types for testing biological hypotheses are discussed. Laboratory activities illustrate how databases and spreadsheets can be used in data analysis and assignments will include scientific writing. NOTE: It is recommended students have STAT 141 and/or STAT 151.

Biol 310, Freshwater Ecology
This course examines the abiotic and biotic aspects of freshwater environments, including streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, groundwaters, and wetlands. Adaptations and ecological roles of bacteria, fungi, plants, protists, and animals will be outlined and abiotic and biotic interactions examined. Discussions will emphasize, but not be limited to, Alberta environments, and include anthropogenic influences. The laboratory exposes students to a number of empirical techniques commonly used in studying and measuring ecological processes in freshwater ecosystems.

Biol 208, Principles in Ecology
Ecology is the study of the interactions between organisms and their environment. These include interactions at the individual, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Topics presented include abiotic and biotic factors that form an organism's environment, models of population growth and factors controlling growth, competition and predator-prey interactions in communities, energy flow and nutrient cycling in ecosystems. Laboratories emphasize collection, analysis, and interpretation of experimental data. These experiments are drawn from a broad range of organisms and ecological systems, and complement lecture material.